the southern city of the Ukraine fell to the Nazis and their allies, the fascist
Romanians. Immediately the Einsatzgruppen started slaughtering the Jewish
population. Eight thousand were killed with help from the Romanian intelligence
The atrocities continued into the following week; on 23 October 19,000 Jews
were taken to the harbour on the Black Sea. Fuel was poured over them and
they were burned to death. Thousands of others were killed the next day -
some by shooting, others were burned alive in warehouses. Surviving Jews of
the region were taken to camps where many later perished.