Dollfuss, Chancellor of Austria since 1932, is murdered in an attempted coup
by the Austrian Nazis. Dollfuss had opposed Hitler's unification plans for
Germany and Austria. He effectively ruled Austria as a fascist dictator which
he saw as the best way to protect Austria from Hitler's ambition. He investigated
ruthless suppression of the social Democrats on the one hand and the right
wing Fatherland front on the other. Despite murdering Dollfuss, the Austrian
Nazis failed to keep in power, as Dr Kurt von Schuschnigg led the government
forces to quell them and maintain control.